Testicular Cancer Overview
Welcome to our testicular cancer overview. Whether you’re a patient, caregiver, or seeking general information about this condition, we’re here to provide you with information directly from real testicular cancer patients.
Testicular cancer originates from the growth of cells within the testicles, medically referred to as testes. It begins in the testicles, nestled in the scrotum, the pouch of skin beneath the penis.
A typical early sign of testicular cancer is a noticeable bump or lump on a testicle. The cancer cells can grow rapidly and spread to other parts of the body.
Detecting testicular cancer often involves finding lumps, swelling, or related symptoms according to the Mayo Clinic. Your healthcare provider can use tests to diagnose it, like ultrasound to determine if lumps are inside or outside. Internal lumps are more likely to be cancerous. Blood tests can identify specific markers for testicular cancer. In some cases, surgery is performed to remove a testicle and determine if it’s cancerous.
After diagnosis, further tests are conducted to determine the specific type of testicular cancer. The two main types are seminoma, which tends to progress slowly, and nonseminoma, which grows and spreads quickly, including subtypes like choriocarcinoma, embryonal carcinoma, teratoma, and yolk sac tumor. The cancer type influences the choice of treatment.
Remember, this cancer can be treated effectively, even when it spreads. Treatments are available, such as surgery and chemotherapy, tailored to your specific situation.